All the microphone is is a sampling device ....
One essential thing you should be aware of. Listening to musical instruments, live, in person, is a very different experience to listening over loudspeakers, even good ones.
Originally Posted by maxbertola
First: the real instruments will radiate sound in all directions and this will add a brightness of tone that is bound-up with the acoustic space in which you are listening. Take the same instrument and point a microphone at it and the 1" microphone capsule is only sampling that 1" of sound out of a huge balloon of sound that radiates away from the speakers. That means (I'm guessing) one millionth of the surface area of the balloon at 3m away from the instrument is captured .... the rest of the sound is lost.
Second: record that one-millionth sample of the instruments sound and play it over a loudspeaker. What do we hear? We hear that single inadequate sample point of the original sound pumped out into our room. But what about all the other sounds we'd hear from the live instrument? All are lost. Stereo works by discarding almost all the vital small details in music and relying on our brain to fill in the missing 'liveness'.
Third: the recording is absolutely dependent upon the artistic balance that the producer wants. As most recordings are made in dry studios or halls there is never enough true 'top' in any natural-sound reproduction due to the recording process relying on just a few sample points (the microphones) covering the array performers. But it is not the speaker designer's job to add sparkle - it's up to the recording technology to better capture the live event not the speaker to fake it.
So you can see that the concept of 'real sound' at home is fundamentally impossible. All we can do is make a very comfortable illusion so that listening at home, you have some enjoyable cues about the real life experience. But it is all a trick of the mind .....
Alan A. Shaw
Harbeth Audio UK